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What Are The Different Types of Aircraft Seat Actuation Systems?

The main purpose of introducing any new feature or product in aircraft is to improve the comfort and ease of passengers. As the needs of people change, the design of products also changes. In some cases, products reach a level where they can no longer be modified, rendering them obsolete or less useful than their new and improved counterparts. With aircraft seats, effective modifications to their original structure can greatly raise their comfort level, one of those modifications being the aircraft seat actuation system.

As a result of the technological strides that airlines are achieving in terms of passenger comfort and safety, aircraft seat actuation systems are taking the cake for improving passenger air travel. Varying types of actuators are being employed by these actuation systems to facilitate the movement of aircraft seats to suit passenger needs. The actuators utilized in these systems also differ based on the energy source that powers them.

Like other actuation systems, aircraft seat actuation systems employ an actuator whose primary job is to operate or move a specific element with the help of an energy source. They help passengers shift the alignment of their seat by providing recliner and seat adjusting mechanisms. Generally, these systems are available in first-class, business class, and economy class aircraft sections. Presently, these systems are garnering popularity, which is fueling the growth of the global aircraft seat actuation system market.

High-end aircraft seats in particular provide a combination of applications for seat adjustment, comfort, and security. For this reason, different types of actuators are used to move and operate the seats. The two main types of actuators used are linear and rotary actuators. Linear actuators enable linear forward-backward movement of the seats. This movement is achieved through a linear moving piston that is attached to the base of the seat. Furthermore, they also allow passengers to recline the aircraft seat. Rotary actuators, on the other hand, help with circular or rotary motion through the use of a circular plate that rotates when an energy source is applied to it.

These actuation mechanisms use a variety of energy sources to obtain power, those of which include electric, hydraulic, and pneumatic actuator types. Electric actuators use some form of electric energy to power the actuators which kickstarts the aircraft seat actuation systems. In contrast, hydraulic actuators take advantage of the kinetic energy provided by the movement of liquids. Lastly, pneumatic actuators utilize compressed air as their main energy source. As seat actuation systems are continually being improved and modified, air travel will become simpler, more comfortable, and accessible. 


ASAP Global Supplies is a leading supplier of aircraft seat actuators in the aviation industry. With countless new, used, obsolete, and hard-to-find options, customers can source everything they need with ease. Explore our ever-expanding database at your leisure and take advantage of our Instant RFQ service to request a quote for your comparisons. Within 15 minutes of receiving a completed Request for Quote (RFQ) form, our team will craft a customized solution that keeps your unique demands in mind. To ensure we meet your needs, we only ask that you include as many of your part specifications as possible, including target prices, expected shipping time frames, and desired quantities.

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